International Football 

The Players Market of the
FIFA 2002 World Cup in Japan/Korea

Football is not only big business but also an interesting example how internationalization
proceeds. Network analysis and network drawings can help to document and explore
what is going on in these international markets.

These images are my contribution to the viszards session at the International Sunbelt
Social Networks Conference in Portoroz (Slovenia) 2004. The viszards group has
analyzed these data in much greater detail. Expect deeper theoretical  insights on
this international sports- and media-market from our forthcoming joint paper.

Which players play in which country?
(click image to enlarge)

The players market of the 2002 FIFA worldchampionship in Japan/Korea
Out of 752 players of the 36 national teams  participating in the 2002 FIFA Soccer World Cup
47 %  had contracts in other countries. This graph displays the number of these players for each
of the national teams and where these had contracts.

The size of  the countries  stands for the number of players with international contracts. The
colors of the countries indicate their geographical region. The colors of the links the region of the
national team a player belongs to having a contract in another country. The size of the links
corresponds to the number of the players.

For example: members of Nigerian national team (NIG) have contracts in Switzerland (CHE), 
The Netherlands (NLD), England (ENG), Belgium (BEL), France (FRA)  and Russia (RUS).

England, Italy, Spain, Germany and  France are the countries that host players from many national teams.

Which clubs employ many members of other national teams ?

The image below displays all clubs having more than six players that play in any of national teams
 during the FIFA worldchampionship 2002.
While clubs are shown as spheres, the national teams
are shown as cones. The colors allow to differ the most important football  nations, other countries
are shown in grey.

(click on image to enlarge)
Clubs suppling more than 6 players to the Nationa Teams in the Fifa WC 2002

The results are quite easy to read: the big Spanish clubs (orange)  and an even larger  number of
Italian clubs (green) engage many players of other foreign national teams. The English, German,
French and Portugese clubs play a less dominant role in hiring players from other countries.

Additionally we see quite a number of national teams which are mainly composed out of members
from a single national club...

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