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Exposure, Networks, and Mobilization: The Petition Movement during
the 1848/49 Revolution in a German Town12
Lothar Krempel 3 and Michael Schnegg 4
This paper examines how existing social networks are transformed into political
action in times of rapid social change. This general theoretical problem is exemplified for the 1848/49 Revolution
in Esslingen, a middle-sized German town. We use data from more than 200 historical sources to identify patterns
of activity and social linkages for more than 2000 inhabitants of Esslingen at the time of the revolution and during
the 15 years preceding it.
Results indicate that existing social structure plays a key role for mobilization
processes. Further, they show that the picture needs to be differentiated. Structure does not have the same effect
at each stage of the process and for every person involved. Mobilization does not only take place through the existing
structure but also occurs in more distinct regions of the network where a common situation and an equivalent position
in society at large are the driving forces behind the organization of protest.
- ... Town1
- This paper originates out of our cooperation in the DFG research project: "Political
Culture during the 'Vormärz' and the Revolution 1848/1849 in Esslingen" directed by Prof. Dr. Carola
Lipp, Institute for European Ethnology (Volkskunde) at the University of Göttingen, Germany. We thank Prof.
Dr. Carola Lipp for sharing part of her data with us.
- Version 2.1, April, 21th 1999 of a paper presented at the Sunbelt XVIII and Fifth
European International Social Networks Conference, Sitges, Spain, May 1998. Special thanks to Johanne St. Charles
who has revised our preliminary english version. An online version of this paper is available from http://www.mpi-fg-koeln.mpg.de/~lk/netvis/exposure
- ... Krempel 3
- Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies, Cologne. email:email@example.com
- ... Schnegg 4
- Department of Anthropology, University of Cologne. email: firstname.lastname@example.org